Luc Peerperkorn studied economics and political science at the University of Amsterdam and worked as an assistant professor at the Erasmus University Rotterdam where he specialised in industrial economics, public finance and welfare economics.
In 1991 he joined the European Commission, DG Competition. He was a central figure in various teams which created what is now called the effects-based approach in EU competition policy, in particular by making new rules for supply and distribution agreements (2000 and 2010), for de minimis agreements (2001 and 2014) and for technology transfer agreements (2004 and 2014). He also co-authored the Discussion Paper on the Application of Article 82 (2005) and the Guidance on the Commission's enforcement priorities in applying Article 82 (2009).
He regularly speaks at conferences and has published on topics such as EU competition policy towards vertical agreements, resale price maintenance, EU competition policy towards abuse of dominance and competition and innovation. He teaches at the Brussels School of Competition and was a Senior Emile Noël Fellow at the Jean Monnet Center at NYU.